# Past Papers’ Solutions | Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) | AS & A level | Mathematics 9709 | Pure Mathematics 2 (P2-9709/02) | Year 2017 | May-Jun | (P2-9709/21) | Q#4

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Question

The sequence of values given by the iterative formula

With initial value , converges to .

i.       Determine the value of correct to 2 decimal places, giving the result of each iteration to 4  decimal places.

ii.       Determine the exact value of .

Solution

i.

If we can write the given equation  and transform it to , then we can find the root of  the equation by iteration method using sequence defined as.

We are already given iterative formula as;

If the sequence given by the inductive definition , with some initial value , converges  to a limit , then  is the root of the equation .

Therefore, if , then  is a root of .

We are given initial value .

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

It is evident that  converges to  therefore  .

The correct to 2 decimal places is .

ii.

It is evident from (i) that can be written as;

We can manipulate this to find the value of  .