Past Papers’ Solutions | Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) | AS & A level | Mathematics 9709 | Pure Mathematics 2 (P2-9709/02) | Year 2008 | Oct-Nov | (P2-9709/02) | Q#3

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Question

The variables x and y satisfy the equation y = A(b-x), where A and b are constants. The graph of ln y  against ln x is a straight line passing through the points (0, 1.3) and (1.6, 0.9), as shown in the  diagram. Find the values of A and b, correct to 2 decimal places.

 Solution

We are given;

Taking natural logarithm of both sides;

Multiplication Rule;

Power Rule;

Slope-Intercept form of the equation of the line;

Where is the slope of the line.

Comparing the standard equation with above obtained equation, it is evident that it is equation of a  straight line and;

We are given that a straight line passing through the points (0, 1.3) and (1.6, 0.9) is line of graph  against .

We can find slope of this line to equate with slope of line whose equation is obtained above.

Expression for slope of a line joining points  and ;

Therefore;

Taking anti-logarithm of both sides;

 for any

Similarly we can equate the y-intercepts of given line (0,1.3) and obtained equation of line.

The point at which curve (or line) intercepts y-axis, the value of .

Therefore;

Taking anti-logarithm of both sides;

 for any

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